Lughnasadh: A Pagan Sabbat Celebrated on August 1st


With August and fall quickly approaching, now is the perfect time to learn about one of the Pagan Sabbats: Lughnasadh.


Lughnasadh is a celebration of the grain harvest and occurs right in between summer and fall. This holiday has significant meaning and history and is still celebrated by pagans today.


Let’s explore the origins of Lughnasadh, how it was celebrated in the past, and some of the ways modern pagans celebrate it today.


What is Lughnasadh?


Originally, Lughnasadh was a Celtic festival that honored Lugh, the Celtic god of craftsmanship. Lugh was known for his skill in crafting, blacksmithing, and warfare.


The holiday eventually spread to other cultures, who celebrated it as a time to give thanks for the summer harvest. And for many pagans, it is still a time to give thanks for all that is provided for us.


Grain was an important crop with ancient pagans, as they used it to make bread and beer. As such an important staple, the grain harvest was a time of grand celebration and abundance. Grains were also considered a symbol of the cycle of life, death, and rebirth.


How Was Lughnasadh Celebrated in the Past?


To celebrate the grain harvest, ancient pagans would bake bread and cakes. This was a time of feasting and giving thanks for the food that would sustain them through the winter months.


Lughnasadh was also typically celebrated with many games and gatherings. For many cultures, it was a time of community and coming together to enjoy the fruits of the harvest.


As the first sheaths of grains were cut and fruit gathered, they were often given an offering to the gods. This was a way of giving thanks for a good harvest and asking for continued blessings in the future. After the offering, a feast would typically ensue where everyone would enjoy the fruits of the harvest.


Festivals were held all over Europe to celebrate the grain harvest and for people to come together, trade goods, and enjoy entertainment. There were also competitions held, such as horse racing and sports.


Modern Celebration of Lughnasadh


While the celebration of Lughnasadh has changed over the centuries, it is still a significant Sabbat for pagans today. Many modern pagans celebrate this holiday by baking bread and cakes and decorating their altars with symbols of the season.


Some of these symbols include:


  • Scythes
  • Corn dolls
  • Fruits and vegetables harvested at this time
  • Decorations in the colors of the harvest: gold and green
  • Plants and grains


This is also a great time to reflect on the earth’s bounty and all it provides for us. We can give thanks for our food and the crops that will sustain us through the winter months.


Lughnasadh is also a time to come together with friends and family, enjoy each other’s company, and give thanks for all we receive. Use this time to celebrate the cycle of life, death, and rebirth and to reflect on the changing of the seasons.